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By Mark Bell

Aphorism within the Francophone Novel of the 20 th Century comprises serious readings of Terre des hommes through Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, Alexandre Chenevert by way of Gabrielle Roy, Gouverneurs de los angeles rosée by means of Jacques Roumain, Pluie et vent sur Télumée miracle through Simone Schwarz-Bart, l. a. course des Flandres by way of Claude Simon, Présence de los angeles mort by way of C.F. Ramuz, and Neige noire through Hubert Aquin. Bell addresses the issues inherent within the time period aphorism, the narrative and discourse functionality of aphorism in the style of the radical, the interrelation among the constitution of aphorism and the epistemological and hermeneutical services this sub-genre may perhaps practice as an element a part of the narrative cloth, the "national" personality of aphoristics, and the issues that come up from "anthologizing" a novel's aphorisms. the significance of aphoristic formula within the French literary culture and its indisputable presence within the sleek novel make this a very major and fruitful study.

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In this chapter three aphorisms interrupt the narrative flow in order to comment on the reported events. When observed together they form a gradation, a provocative chain of ideas on the precarious nature of earthly existence: Dans un monde ou la vie rejoint si bien la vie, ou les fleurs dans le lit meme du vent se melent aux fleurs, ou le cygne connait tous les cygnes, les hommes seuls batissent leur solitude. (67) Dans quel mince decor se joue ce vaste jeu des haines, des amities, des joies humaines!

The final chapter of the novel consists mainly of an extended essaymeditation. It is enhanced, however, by four brief pieces of narration. In this instance, because of the ratio of narrative to commentary, it would appear that the narration complements the essay-aphorism portion of the text rather than the contrary. The chapter commences with a transitional allusion to the near-death experience just recounted in the previous chapter: "Je me suis cru perdu, j'ai cm toucher le fond du desespoir et, une fois le renoncement accepte, j'ai connu la paix.

Where is scratch? (46, emphasis added) 2 Vision is the art of seeing things invisible. (238) 3 Style is nothing, but nothing is without its style. (310) 4 Who seeketh findeth not, but who seeketh not is found. ' (308, emphasis added) Fricke somewhat erroneously views one additional characteristic of aphorism as being more structural than referential in nature, namely the capacity of an aphorism to unmask (Entlarven) an otherwise hidden truth. He therefore places this phenomenon under the rubric of iiberrumpelung.

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