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By H. Koopman, D. Sportiche, E. Stabler

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Specify all the subsequences of words in (i) which can be replaced by a single word (where, as usual, the word plays the same kind of role in the sentence as what it replaces) c. On the basis of the results of the previous step, put brackets around each sequence of words that you had a substitution for. d. Draw the tree corresponding to the brackets you drew in step c, which also shows the parts of speech for the words from step a. Example. Let’s do the previous exercise, but use the following sentence: The entire airline industry became an extension of their electronic networks and the network processes.

In the previous chapter, we depicted the morphological structure of complex words by putting the morphemes that form a unit under a single node in a tree representation. We can depict the composition of syntactic elements into larger ones in the same way, as we will see. This will be our initial focus: constituent structure, what ingredients go into building constituents, how to test for constituency, and how to interpret problems with the constituency tests. ” In subsequent chapters we will try to understand why the complexes are organized in these ways.

This very important idea applies even in the theory of word structure. 7 Summary Here are some important conclusions in a nutshell. 1. The linguistic signal is discrete at various levels phonology, morphology, syntax. At each level, we have (perhaps different) atoms and rules combining these atoms. The rules of morphological combination, the morphological combinatorics, have the following properties: 2. they are recursive: they can be produce infinitely long strings 3. they are compositional 4.

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