By Alexander Rainy Maclean Murray
First released in 1953, this seminal advent to political philosophy is meant for either the coed of political idea and for the final reader. After an creation and is the reason the character and function of philosophy, Dr Murray offers a severe exam of the primary theories complex via political philosophers from Plato to Marx, paying particular awareness to modern concerns. The booklet additionally attempts to outline the basic problems with philosophical importance in modern politics, with targeted connection with the clash among political authority and person rights, and to teach how the several ethical assumptions underlying authoritarian and democratic structures of presidency are finally established upon various theories of common sense.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Political Philosophy
Of such temptations Plato regards those which arise from personal interests or possessions as the most dangerous. Hence the rulers of the Ideal State must live without private property or money and receive the essentials of life as an allowance from the state. They must likewise be deprived of normal family life and live together like soldiers in a camp, since otherwise they might be tempted to put the interests of their wives and families before the good of the community. Their children must be the issue of temporary unions based on eugenic principles, and neither these children nor their mothers must be regarded as in any way the property of the fathers.
The Academy was, in fact, one of the earliest universities in the modern sense of the word, and its activity continued without interruption for nearly a thousand years. The *Republic ' The theory which will be discussed in the present chapter is the Theory of the Ideal State expounded in Plato's dialogue the Republic. While, as in all the earlier dialogues, the exposition of the theory is made by Socrates, it will be referred to, for the reasons previously mentioned, as Plato's theory, although Socrates may well have inspired some of its basic ideas.
There is no evidence that Plato favoured the abolition of private property among the producers, who would, in any case, constitute the larger part of the community and be mainly responsible for carrying on its economic life. '2 Only so can there be any assurance that the good of the community will not be sacrificed to personal ambition. Those with 'vested interests* to care for are, in Plato's view, automatically unfitted for statesmanship. Platofinallyemphasizes that his account of the Ideal State is no mere day-dream.