Download An Introduction to Criminological Theory, 3rd Edition by Roger Hopkins Burke PDF

By Roger Hopkins Burke

This publication offers a finished and up to date creation to criminological thought for college kids taking classes in criminology at either undergraduate and postgraduate point. The textual content is split into 5 elements, the 1st 3 of which handle excellent variety types of felony behaviour the rational actor, predestined actor, and victimized actor versions. inside of those many of the criminological theories can be found chronologically within the context of 1 of those assorted traditions, and the strengths and weaknesses of every conception and version are sincerely pointed out. The fourth a part of the publication appears extra heavily at more moderen makes an attempt to combine theoretical parts from either inside of and throughout types of legal behaviour, whereas the 5th half addresses a few key fresh issues of criminology – postmodernism, cultural criminology, globalization and communitarianism.

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Extra info for An Introduction to Criminological Theory, 3rd Edition

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The focus should be less on simple breaches of the criminal law but more on regulating street life and incivilities – such as prostitution, begging, gang fights, drunkenness and disorderly conduct – which in themselves may not be that harmful, but which in aggregate are detrimental to the community and therefore need to be controlled (see Hopkins Burke, 1998b, 2004b; Karmen, 2004). Wilson is suspicious of those proponents of the predestined actor model of criminal behaviour who call for treatment not punishment.

Indeed, it can be convincingly argued that most modern criminal justice systems are founded on this somewhat awkward theoretical compromise between the rational actor model of criminal behaviour and the predestined actor model that we will encounter in the second part of the book. This debate between free will and determinism is perhaps one of the most enduring in the human and social sciences. In summary, it is possible to identify the following central attributes of the Classical and neo-Classical Schools that provide the central foundations of the rational actor model: 1.

7. Punishment must be administered in proportion to the crime that has been committed and should be set on a scale – or a tariff – with the most severe penalties corresponding to offences which caused the most harm to society. The most serious crimes are considered to be those that threaten the stability of society. 8. Punishment which follows promptly after a crime is committed will be more just and effective. 9. Punishment has to be certain to be effective. 10. Laws and punishments have to be well publicised so that people are well aware of them.

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