Download A Legal Theory for Autonomous Artificial Agents by Samir Chopra PDF

By Samir Chopra

“An terribly stable synthesis from an awesome variety of philosophical, felony, and technological resources . . .  the booklet will entice criminal lecturers and scholars, attorneys fascinated about e-commerce and our on-line world criminal concerns, technologists, ethical philosophers, and clever lay readers drawn to excessive tech concerns, privateness, [and] robotics.”—Kevin Ashley, collage of Pittsburgh university of legislations   As organizations and govt businesses exchange human staff with on-line customer support and automatic cell platforms, we turn into acquainted with doing enterprise with nonhuman brokers. If man made intelligence (AI) know-how advances as today’s top researchers expect, those brokers might quickly functionality with such restricted human enter that they seem to behave independently. after they in attaining that point of autonomy, what felony prestige may still they've got? Samir Chopra and Laurence F. White current a delicately reasoned dialogue of ways present philosophy and felony idea can accommodate more and more subtle AI know-how. Arguing for the felony personhood of a synthetic agent, the authors speak about what it ability to assert it has “knowledge” and the power to come to a decision. they give thought to key questions resembling who needs to take accountability for an agent’s activities, whom the agent serves, and even if it might face a clash of curiosity.  

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Extra info for A Legal Theory for Autonomous Artificial Agents

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7 Under such conditions, the software with which the user interacts does not immediately conclude contracts for the seller. Instead, the purchaser’s offer stays open until the seller has had a chance to review the order. However, this does not mean in every case human clerks are involved; obviously, a merchant’s arti‹cial agents in principle are capable of sending any con‹rming email required. But websites’ terms and conditions of contracting rely on the binding nature of a type of contract—often referred to as a “browse-wrap” contract8—that itself can be dif‹cult to justify in traditional doctrinal terms (Lemley 2006; Mann and Siebeneicher 2008).

Often, the agent can be said to act on behalf of the operator, and in that case the operator will be the principal. However, in some situations, an operator may make an agent available to users, so that the agent acts on behalf of the user rather than on behalf of the operator. We use the term principal to denote the person, whether the user or the operator, on behalf of whom the arti‹cial agent acts in relation to a particular transaction; that is, the person whose legal status is affected by the doings of the arti‹cial agent.

Thus, prima facie, an arti‹cial agent like the one described, which concludes contracts on behalf of the corporations or users that deploy it, is functioning like a legal agent. One super‹cially appealing method to grant legal ef‹cacy to contracts entered into by arti‹cial agents would be to relax the requirement the intention of the parties must be referable to the offer and acceptance of the speci‹c agreement in question. “In other words, the courts would hold that the human trader’s generalized and indirect intention to be bound by computer-generated agreements is suf‹cient to render the agreements legally binding” (Allen and Widdison 1996, 43).

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